DANIEL CHAPTER 9
A much truer version of the prophecy of Daniel chapter 9.
The general consensus is, the prophecy of Daniel chapter 9 should be referred to as 70 weeks of years rather than 70 weeks of days, hence, 490 years opposed to 490 days.
If we read the prophecy, logically as 490 days, it would place the coming of the messiah 483 “days” after the word went out to restore Jerusalem which would be 3 years, 4 months and 3 days later, meaning the restoring and building of Jerusalem should be completed in 3 ½ years. An impossibility!
Also, the messiah would be cut off 3 ½ days after his baptism by John? Again, an impossibility.
We know the punishments in the past upon God’s people was for 70 years in exile to Babylon for their unfaithfulness and a further 70 years for the cities desolation for not obeying their God to submit fully to Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon. (605-538 and 586-516 BC)
Daniel realised they were now nearing the end of their 70 years of desolation with just six years left so he prays for forgiveness for all his people and for mercy. God answers his prayer by sending Gabriel to him which will explain the outcome for his people and his holy city Jerusalem. The complete forgiveness for Daniel’s people will come after the 490 years, ending the sins, wiping them all out completely. 70 times 7.
Just as Matthew quotes from Jesus words in chapter 18v21/2, “Then Peter came up and said to him, “Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? As many as seven times?” Jesus said to him, “I do not say to you seven times, but seventy times seven”.
This brings us to the prophecy of chapter 9 of Daniel that Gabriel explained to him. After his sincere prayer he was given a period of time for his people and his holy city to bring all their sins to a complete end. Then righteousness will be ushered in.
The prophecy is broken up into different parts in order to fulfil the different stages of “restoring and building” the city to the coming of the messiah, and after the messiah’s coming.
The prophecy explains, “Seventy weeks of years are decreed concerning your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy place”. (Some translations put, to anoint a holy one) So, the 490 years will complete all these things and the “sealing of the vision and the prophet means all this is sure or guaranteed to take place.
The first part shows, “Know therefore and understand that from the going forth of the word to restore and build Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince, there shall be seven weeks. The first part of this work is to “restore” before the building work starts.
They had the laws of Moses and had been back in Jerusalem 80 years from their release by Cyrus in 538 BC so what exactly needed restoring?
While the captives were in Babylon, false prophets rose up and wrote letters to them using their God’s authority, telling them to marry and build homes because their stay would be long and pretended the letters came from Jeremiah the prophet, As the people were familiar with Jeremiah many accepted the news, married and built home and settled down in Babylon.
This is recorded in Jeremiah chapter 29, I quote: ~“ The letter was sent by the hand of Ela′sah the son of Shaphan and Gemari′ah the son of Hilki′ah, whom Zedeki′ah king of Judah sent to Babylon to Nebuchadnez′zar king of Babylon. It said: “Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, to all the exiles whom I have sent into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon: Build houses and live in them; plant gardens and eat their produce. Take wives and have sons and daughters; take wives for your sons, and give your daughters in marriage, that they may bear sons and daughters; multiply there, and do not decrease. But seek the welfare of the city where I have sent you into exile, and pray to the LORD on its behalf, for in its welfare you will find your welfare. For thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: “Do not let your prophets and your diviners who are among you deceive you, and do not listen to the dreams which they dream, for it is a lie which they are prophesying to you in my name; I did not send them, says the LORD”.
Those faithful to their God knew it was wrong according to the laws of Moses to marry foreign women and they wrote back asking “why have you not rebuked Jeremiah of An′athoth who is prophesying to you? For he has sent to us in Babylon, saying, “Your exile will be long; build houses and live in them, and plant gardens and eat their produce.” They were told the letter came from Jeremiah.
Zephaniah the priest received this letter and read the letter in the hearing of Jeremiah the prophet. Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah: “Send to all the exiles, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD concerning Shemai′ah of Nehel′am: Because Shemai′ah had prophesied to you when I did not send him, and has made you trust in a lie, therefore thus says the LORD: Behold, I will punish Shemai′ah of Nehel′am and his descendants; he shall not have any one living among this people to see the good that I will do to my people, says the LORD, for he has talked rebellion against the LORD”.
This is why the word went out to “restore pure worship” the bible accounts of Ezra and Nehemiah shows the utter chaos that was in Jerusalem 80 years after some arrived back in the city. They arrived with their foreign wives and many children. A time of 7 weeks, 49 years, has been set aside for this restoring to take place, this was needed because the lineage to the messiah was lost at this stage through intermarriage. Restoring the true records was important as Luke and Matthew shows us the lineage to both Mary and Joseph having descended from David.
This covers the 49 years + 434 years = 483 years for the building of the city to the coming of the messiah. The word went out from King Artaxerxes to Ezra the scribe and priest to return to restore pure worship in 458 BC in his 7th year as king. 13 years later Nehemiah gained permission from the king to join Ezra in this work. After going to Jerusalem to help build the walls in 445 BC he returned to Babylon. He remained in Babylon until the 32nd year of Artaxerxes (432 BC) then he learned things were still very bad in Jerusalem 12 years after he helped build the walls, he returned again to Jerusalem.. (Nehemiah chapter 13v6-28)
From 458 BC covering 49 years + 434 Years to the messiah, means he must have appeared in 25 CE when he was baptised by John, the scriptures show he was about 30 years old, meaning his birth would have been around 5/6 BC.
Many religions think that as the years go from 1 BC to 1 CE we should add an extra year to the chronology, but logically speaking WHY?
1 BC is the last year of the BC period, there are no more years to follow after 1 BC, those days have come to the end, and the beginning of the next cycle called CE, would start as 1 CE. Nothing before 1, you cannot have a year 0. So using this line of logical thought, why is there a need to add an extra year? That might even make the prophecy wrong!
Working along this logical line of thought, if we were to add one year to the coming of the messiah from 25 to 26 CE that would place Jesus birth about 30 years earlier to 4 BC or even 3 BC.
But we have historical proof that King Herod died in 4 BC, even the Jewish historian Josephus confirms this, and Herod received the magi when they came asking about the baby that had been born the king of the Jews. It does not state what year Herod received the Magi but even if it was in the year 4BC, they would have told him of the approximate time they saw the star and as Herod had the boy babies killed from 2 years and under this indicates the child would have been born about 5 or 6 BC.
It also states in Matthew chapter 2. “When they had heard the king they went on their way; and lo, the star which they had seen in the East went before them, till it came to rest over the place where the child was. When they saw the star, they rejoiced exceedingly with great joy; and going into the house they saw the child with Mary his mother, and they fell down and worshipped him”. The account shows the family were now living in a house and the baby was a young child
The last part of the prophecy shows Jesus will make a strong covenant with them for 1 week, offering the Jews the opportunity to become the first fruits of the kingdom and to gain righteousness through him. But, after their rebellion against him and having had him killed halfway through those seven years, the sacrifices and burnt offerings for forgiveness of sins were brought to an end.
They had slaughtered the lamb of God that takes away the sins of the world, completing the laws of Moses, nailing them to the cross of our lord in 29 CE but he did keep the covenant open for his people, the Israelites until the end of the week, 32 CE for including the Samaritans, as first fruits during the second half of the week. After the covenant came to a close, the gentiles were invited to share in the righteousness of our lord.
The prophecy states, the people of the prince to come will destroy the sanctuary and the city, the prince to come was the messiah, Jesus and his people were Israel, but in particularly the scribes, the religious leaders, because the people loved and accepted the messiah as their king which made the scribes very jealous who tried to kill him. When King Herod received the Magi, he brought together all the scribes to find out about this promised Messiah and they searched the scriptures, they were fully aware of the prophets and the prophecies of Daniel.
They knew and understood the prophecy, which showed, they would be made redundant, their job would come to an end and they loved the worship and honour they were getting from the people, so they had to stop the Messiah by having him killed.
As to how they destroyed the temple?
The temple was dedicated to their God for worship and on the death of the Messiah, the bible says the curtain in the inner part of the temple was rent in two, indicating the Holy Spirit had left. It was no longer God’s house he had left them. The temple was now described as an abomination.
The scribes placed the disgusting thing on a wing of the temple possibly a banner to the Roman Empire, thus defiling the temple. They publicly proclaimed their allegiance to the Roman Empire when telling Pilate “we have no king but Caesar”. John chapter 19v15.
By choosing to be under the Romans instead of their God, they destroyed the temple of God and seated a foreign god inside thus destroying the sanctuary and the city all within that 490 years.
The temple and the city is now no longer needed for worship, as Jesus explained to the woman at the well, the time will come when people will worship the father in “spirit and truth” and they will no longer worship in Jerusalem or on the mountain in Samaria.
John chapter 4 v4v20-26. Copy and paste. RSV
“Our fathers worshipped on this mountain; and you say that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.”
Jesus said to her, “Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father.
You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews.
But the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for such the Father seeks to worship him.
God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.”
The woman said to him, “I know that Messiah is coming (he who is called Christ); when he comes, he will show us all things.”
Jesus said to her, “I who speak to you am he.”