The bible contains TWO covenants, one under Moses as the mediator between the Jews and their God, which is known as the OLD TESTAMENT, and one under Jesus Christ as the mediator for a new people, Christians, THE NEW TESTAMENT.
Under the old covenant through Moses, God’s chosen people Israel were given instructions to help them through life with a promise that the messiah would come through the line of David and bless them.
Sadly, the scribes and the Pharisee’s added many other laws upon the Jews making life very hard for them to keep. Although the Jews were in expectation of the messiah’s coming they did not all accept him as God’s representative, especially his son, the anointed one the Messiah.
They took some of the laws to the extreme, for instance: ~
The Sabbath was designed to give humans the chance to have a day of rest but they took this to the limit where no one was allowed to do anything at all and when Jesus and his apostles were seen walking through a field of corn, plucking some and eating it, they were accused of breaking the Sabbath law. (Luke 6v1-12)
Also, Matthew chapter 15v1-12 shows another tradition that became law. “Why do your disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands before they eat”. Jesus told then “for the sake of tradition you have made void the word of God” (v6,) “Hear and understand, not what goes into the mouth defiles a man but what comes out of the mouth, this defiles a man”. (11)
Jesus came to release them from the laws of Moses by fulfilling them, bringing them to a close by his coming. But, instead of the wonderful opportunity of being released from the laws, they wanted to keep them and condemned Jesus instead.
SACRIFICES UNDER MOSES TO PUTTING FAITH IN JESUS!
In order to fulfil the laws of Moses Jesus had to come as a Jew under law himself to God’s people. He gave them the first chance to have the opportunity to become a new people set free through him as the new mediator between them and God. Matthew chapter 5 v 17. Luke chapter 24 v 44-48.
And while he was talking to them he said, “I am the good shepherd, the good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. (John 10v11) and I have other sheep that are not of this fold, (Jews) I must bring them also, and they will heed my voice. So there shall be one flock one shepherd” (v16) Jesus was talking here about the Gentiles that were going to be invited to join the Jews in salvation through his death.
Matthew chapter 12v17-22 quoting from Isaiah 42v1-4 says, “I will put my spirit upon him and he shall proclaim justice to the gentiles, and in his name will the gentiles hope”.
Luke chapter 2 v 25-36 shows what happened when Jesus was taken to the temple when he was 8 days old for purification under the law of Moses, it had been revealed to a man called Simeon that he would not die until he had seen the “Lord’s Christ” and he says “for mine eyes have seen thy salvation which thou hast prepared in the presence of all peoples a light for revelation to the Gentiles and for the glory to thy people Israel”.
We know through history that ten of the 12 tribes of Israel left the kingdom of Judah and formed their own kingdom and became the Samaritans. These too were looking forwards to the Messiah’s coming, as shown in John chapter 4v7-43. They were still under the mediator Moses but chose not to come under the kingdom of Judah and worship in Jerusalem. For this, those living in Jerusalem despised them.
Although Jesus life was transferred into the womb of an earthling woman, his embryo was pure and perfect coming from his father. It did not need man’s intervention and it did not carry any inherited imperfections from the mother, her womb became just like an incubator to house the embryo for those 9 months so that when he was born he carried none of the sin or imperfection of the human family.
But, we can see from reading God’s word Jesus had a wonderful strong love for the human family and that was why he was willing to come, to be born, to die a very painful and humiliating death to give us a better future life under God’s kingdom. Many times God’s word says how Jesus was moved in sadness.
One example was in John chapter 11v11-45 when Lazarus died. Jesus was a close friend of Lazarus and his two sisters Mary and Martha and when he was told he was ill he told his apostles “Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep” (11) “If he has fallen asleep he will recover” (v12, 13) “But Jesus told them plainly Lazarus is dead”.
This account shows the feelings and the emotions that Jesus felt when he arrived and saw the two sisters. He felt their pain and sorrow. This must have convinced him even more that coming to the earth as the “lamb of God” to be sacrificed, to atone for the sins of the world was right. He wanted to change our future life’s inheritance that is the real love he and his father have for us.
When Martha asked Jesus why he did not come sooner to stop their brother from dying, (John 11v21-28, 32, 37) he was not too concerned because he knew he was going to show his father’s power through her brother’s resurrection. Even though he knew he was going to do this he still felt sorrow at seeing them at the tomb, and how distressed they were verses 38-45 shows the resurrection of Lazarus. We will cover this a little more in detail under the new covenant through our mediator Jesus Christ.
So, as Jesus fulfilled the laws between the mediator Moses and the Jews, we are certainly NOT under any of those laws belonging to the old covenant, the Old Testament, today. They have all finished and are no longer needed except for references of the creation. They were only given to the Jews not the gentiles.
The Jews today who choose to remain under those laws will not benefit from them in any way whatsoever as they have been cast off and a new people have taken their place today under the new mediator Jesus Christ.